|Buddha statues of various postures|
Buddha Statues are carvings of Siddhartha Gautama, known as the Historical Buddha. They are used in Buddhist temples and on altar tables for pooja (Buddhist religious ceremonies of veneration), but many people will place statues in their homes or gardens, either to help cultivate Feng Shui or to create a Zen Garden. People will often make offerings to the statues on auspicious days, but many non-Buddhist will place statues in their homes to help create a feeling of peacefulness and serenity, or to create a space for meditation.
There are many different meanings of Buddha Statues, and the symbolism varies based on the posture and hand gesture of the statue. Similarly there are many different types of materials used in making the figures. In Asia it is common for Buddha statues to be cast in brass and bronze, as well as to have sculptures carved in Lava Stone, Lime Stone, and schist.
Sanskrit explains a Gouthama Buddha statue or graphical representation as ‘Buddharupa’. which means ‘ The image of the enlightened one’. A Buddharupa is a symbol of extreme tranquility and meditation. As the history of Buddha goes, the Prince Siddhartha Gautama witnessed so much suffering that he renounced the world to spread the message of Nirvana. Nirvana means a state of enlightenment, non-suffering and elimination of all craving by following the famous rules of eightfold path.
The main function of a Gouthama Buddha statue is to communicate and maintain the peace of mind and discipline so that one is in control of conflicting emotions and has control over his mind and negative feelings such as lobh (greed), jealousy etc. In places where people are illiterate and unable to understand the true meaning of his teachings, Buddha statues play an important role to convey such type of messages. Buddhists' belief is that respecting the statues or Buddharupas by bowing to it and offering flowers, incense etc. is an expression to adapt the same spiritual and sacred thoughts as the Lord himself.